Alma Ata Declaration, 1978
The international conference on primary
health care services stressed the urgency of a coordinated action for
the protection and the promotion of health, seen as a sine qua non condition
for sustained economic and social progress. The conference forcefully
restated that health is a fundamental right and that access to the
highest level of health is an extremely important social objective.
Health is perceived as a
daily life resource as opposed to a mere goal. Health promotion becomes
an all-embracing concept, targeting a state of well being as opposed to the
simple absence of disease.
The international conference
stressed that any improvement in the field of health was firmly anchored in
the following basic elements: peace, shelter, food and income. Needless to
say, too many countries still fail to meet these basic requirements.
Alone, the health sector
couldn’t create the preliminary conditions required for access to better
health, which stresses the multidisciplinary aspect of public health.
Health promotion requires the coordinated action of governments, the health
sector and connected economic and social sectors, voluntary agencies, local
authorities, industry and the media.
To promote community
participation, people must be able to get involved in the decision-making
process, and design and planning, which requires an unlimited and permanent
access to health related information and financial resources. This work
must be achieved at school, home, work, and within the community framework.